How 5G Works and Will Apple Make a 5G Version Next Year?

2019-11-13

How 5G Works and Will Apple Make a 5G Version Next Year?

Every new generation of Wireless networks delivers faster speeds and more functionality to our mobile devices. For instance, 1G gave us the very first cellphones 2G gave us the option of texting for the first time, 3G introduced us to online and 4G improved on 3G and gave us the speed that we are used to in modern time. There is a drawback for 4G network as more and more users use 4G networks they have just about reached the limit of what they’re capable of at a time when users want even more data for their smartphones and devices.

How 5G Works and Will Apple Make a 5G Version Next Year?

Now with 5G coming in the market, reports show that it will be a thousand times faster than today’s network and will be at least 10 times faster than 4G LTE. 5G shows promise of downloading an HD movie in under a second and then let that imagination run wild. Experts say 5G will be the new foundation of VR, Autonomous driving the internet of various things we can’t even imagine now.

What exactly is the 5th generation of wireless network?

Now to understand that we need to understand how wireless technology like 5G works. As we know most wireless system reply on radio waves, that can carry signal back and forth between your device and a service provider. So, to tap into the frequency spectrum the service provider has to buy space in the radio frequency spectrum.



How 5G Works and Will Apple Make a 5G Version Next Year?

The left side of the spectrum is low frequencies which is 1GHz. The radio waves in this portion of the spectrum are very long and travel to a further distance. Now imagine playing a heavy bass music in a building, now low frequencies can travel through solid objects and heard from a distance.

Frequencies toward the middle left of this chart are in the mid band. This frequencies between 1-6GHz are really useful. They’re low enough to send signals a long distance, but they have an advantage that they can carry more data than low bands. Some versions of the 4G and Wi-Fi live in this sweet spot band. Now the major issue here is that the space is very limited. When you move to the right the frequencies get higher. As frequencies get higher their wavelengths shrink. These shorter wavelengths let engineers cram more data in to their radio signal.

Our smartphones and other electronic devices in our home use very specific frequencies on the radio frequency spectrum. Typically, under the middle left spectrum or between 1-6GHz. Now as we told the space is limited so this space is getting more crowded. Service providers can squeeze so many bits of data on the same amount of radio frequency spectrum. As more devices come online, we’re going to start to see slower service and more dropped connections. The engineers come with the solution which is 5G. They opened up new real estate which is millimeter waves those that fall between 24-100GHz. Since this section has never been used before for mobile and other devices and opening this up means more bandwidth for everyone on this spectrum. But the problem is that these waves doesn’t travel well through solid objects and they tend to be absorbed by plants and rain so they use small cell networks to go around these problems. So, the service provider needs to install several nodes to ensure a blanket of coverage. The buildout of that infrastructure will not be cheap. But this will be useful in cities as the users move behind an obstacle their smartphone would automatically switch to a new base station in better range of their device, allowing them to be connected.

How 5G Works and Will Apple Make a 5G Version Next Year?

The 5th generation of wireless network has made it to cities in the United States already, the major telecommunication companies in the U.S. are already in the process of laying foundation for a faster and better internet. In the race to develop 5G most of the U.S. firms are already at a disadvantage because of the limited access to some of the radio frequencies that enable 5G, because of the infrastructure and it’s doesn’t come cheap. The governance of this spectrum is controlled by the international telecommunication Union which divides the whole world into three regions. Within these regions’ countries negotiate to reserve frequencies. Then major operators bid for a chunk of that portion. Think of this as an auction for invisible estate. In the U.S there are two groups who control the bidding process, one is FCC which is for public use and another is NTIA which is for government use. The government takes the major chunk of that portion, as a result U.S firms have less space to build 5G networks that balance higher data speeds with a reasonable coverage. But countries in the other regions have more space in the spectrum sweet spot. So, China, Japan, Korea are building out mid band and high band all at once. For this part FCC is helping operators to roll out 5G fast. Firm in other countries don’t have that limitation. Because they have more access to the mid band so their 5G networks will offer wide coverage alongside amazing fast speeds. Many analysts say that companies in China will lead the charge toward a mid-band type 5G. Leading the global market that early is really important according to the Defense Innovation Board. Previous market leaders in wireless tech set a standard for the rest of the world to follow, which in turn is amazing for business. As we know 5G tech is still in progress and they will include other tech to improve the quality and give the people a better experience with 5G.

Will Apple include 5G version next year?

As we all know Apple just revealed their newer iPhone version iPhone 11, iPhone 11pro and iPhone 11 pro max, Apple didn’t include any 5G version of their phone yet to their lineup. Whereas their competitors already brought the big guns and gave people 5G version of their flagship model like Huawei and Samsung.

How 5G Works and Will Apple Make a 5G Version Next Year?

Among other upgrades next year, the biggest one would be 5G network support. As major service providers are already rolling out 5G and if iPhone doesn’t support 5G that will lead their users to other option as people want to include themselves to new tech and trends.

Such an addition could be crucial to motivating upgrades at a time when smartphone owners are holding onto their devices for longer periods of time and Apple's iPhone revenue has been falling, but if they add 5G to their latest model this could give consumers more incentive to upgrade to newer version which in turn will give more sales and more revenue. So, we can all say that Apple is most likely to introduce a 5G version of their phone next year to tap into that revenue.


Until next time, let us know if you have any suggestions and opinions. Have a nice day.